In the year 2000, a campaign was started, whose objective was to find the 7 wonders of the world and for this a list of 200 monuments was prepared. The popularity survey, through free web-based voting and small amounts of telephone voting, was led by the Canadian-Swiss Bernard Weber and conducted by the New 7 Wonders Foundation (N7W) based in Zurich, Switzerland, announcing the winners. It was done in Lisbon on July 2007 and today in this article we are going to tell you about those 7 wonders of the world.
7 Wonders of The World
- Great Wall of China
- Chichen Itza
- Machu Picchu
- Christ the Redeemer
- Taj Mahal
Great Wall of China
One of the seven wonders of the world, the word Great cannot be considered enough for the Great Wall of China. In fact, it is one of the largest building construction projects and is at least 5,500 miles (8,850 km) long. However, Chinese studies claim that it is 13,170 miles (21,200 km) long and work began in the 7th century BC and continued for two millennia. Although it is definitely called a wall, but when it comes to its structure, it is actually two parallel walls for a long distance. Although it was built to deter invasions and raids, the wall largely failed to provide real protection. Instead, scholars have noted that it functions more as a form of “political propaganda”.
Chichen Itza is a Maya city on the Yucatán Peninsula in Mexico, which flourished in the 9th and 10th centuries CE. Under the Maya tribe Itza—who were heavily influenced by the Toltecs—many important monuments and temples were built. Among the most notable is the terraced pyramid El Castillo (“The Castle”), which rises 79 feet (24 m) above the Main Plaza. A testament to the astronomical capabilities of the Mayans, the structure has a total of 365 steps, which are as many as 365 days in a year. During spring and autumn, when the setting sun casts a shadow on the stairs, the form of a snake sliding down is seen (world ke 7 ajoobe).
Petra, located in Jordan, is an ancient city located in a remote valley and this city is situated between sandstone mountains and rocks. This place is claimed to be one of them, where Moses hit a rock and water came out. After this, an Arab tribe, the Nabataeans, made it their capital, and during that time the city flourished and became an important center for spices. The Nabataean people built their homes, temples and tombs in sandstone, which changed color with the changing sun. Apart from this, people also built a water system, which used to water the gardens and fields. Petra, located at its height, had a population of about 30,000. However, the city began to decline as trade routes changed. This was followed by a major earthquake in 363 CE, and after another tremor in 551 CE, people left Petra. However, it was later rediscovered in 1912 and was largely ignored by archaeologists until the end of the 20th century (world ke 7 ajube).
Located near Cuzco, Peru, this Incan site was discovered in 1911 by Hiram Bingham, who believed it to be Vilcabamba, used during a 16th-century rebellion against Spanish rule. However, this claim was later refuted, and the purpose of Machu Picchu had confused scholars as well. Bingham believed that it belonged to the Virgin of the Sun, women who lived in monasteries under oath of holiness. While others believed that it was a pilgrimage site and some others believed that it was a royal site. Machu Picchu is believed to be one of the few prominent pre-Columbian ruins (7 ajube duniya ke).
Christ the Redeemer
Christ the Redeemer is a giant statue of Jesus that stands atop Mount Corcovado in Rio de Janeiro. It originated just after the First World War, when some Brazilians feared the ‘tides of godliness’. He proposed a statue, which was eventually designed by Heter da Silva Costa, Carlos Oswald and Paul Landowski. Its construction started in 1926 and was completed after 5 years. The monument is 98 feet (30 m) tall and its outstretched arms extend to 92 feet (28 m). It is considered the largest Art Deco sculpture in the world. Christ the Redeemer is made of reinforced concrete and covered with about 6 million tiles. However, the statue is frequently struck by lightning and the tip of Jesus’ right thumb was damaged during a storm in 2014.
The Colosseum in Rome was built in the first century on the orders of Emperor Vespasian. It is considered a feat of engineering as its amphitheater is 620 by 513 feet and it also has a complex system of vaults. 50,000 spectators could watch various events at a time. The most notable of these were gladiator fights but male animal fighting was also common. Also water was sometimes poured into the Colosseum for simulated naval activities. However, it is believed that many Christians were martyred here and were thrown before lions. By some estimates, 50,000 people died in the Colosseum. Apart from this, many animals were also captured and killed here and some species are believed to have become extinct.
Situated in Agra, India, this mausoleum complex is considered one of the most iconic monuments in the world and perhaps also a splendid example of Mughal architecture. The Taj Mahal was built by Emperor Shah Jahan for his wife Mumtaz, who died in 1631 while giving birth to their 14th child. It took about 22 years to build and was built by 22,000 workers and includes a reflecting pool as well as a huge garden. This tomb is made of white marble, with geometric and floral patterns. Its majestic central dome is surrounded by four smaller domes. According to some reports, Shah Jahan wanted his tomb to be made of black marble but was deposed by his son before the work on it started.
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