First Trimester of Pregnancy: The first three months of pregnancy are very important. During this time a woman goes through many mental and physical changes so it is very important to take more care. Because various parts of the fetus also develop during this period, a pregnant woman needs to take special care of herself during the first trimester. Your baby starts growing in these 3 months from a small cell embryo. According to statistics, the risk of miscarriage in the first trimester of pregnancy is 85 percent and that is why a pregnant woman needs to be careful during this time.
What Pregnant Women Should do in the First Trimester of Pregnancy
Take proper and nutritious diet. By which you will get enough calories. Pulses, dry fruits, as well as non-vegetarian foods such as eggs and fish provide complementary proteins to the body.
Use iron and folic acid in the diet as directed by the doctor. You and the growing fetus need it in the early days of pregnancy. It helps in the formation of cells in the spinal cord and nerves of the fetus.
During the first three months of your baby’s life, you need to gain about 0.5 to 2 kg.
Keep eating small amounts of food regularly every two to three hours.
Eat enough omega 3 fatty acids in the diet which will help in the development of the brain, nerves and eyes of the fetus.
Include calcium supplements in the diet. Take 600 ml of milk or milk products regularly every day.
To get vitamin D, mix egg yolk, fish liver oil and even walk in the hot sun to get enough vitamin D.
Go for walks regularly and do light exercises which will increase your physical stamina, relieve back pain and also help in coping with physical changes.
Get enough sleep during this time. Hormonal changes during pregnancy can cause fatigue, so get as much rest as you can.
Regular and necessary tests can monitor fetal development and help prevent future risks. That is why you must go to the doctor for examination and consultation.
What Not to do in the First Three Months of Pregnancy
Avoid excessive stress and frustration. A pregnant woman is more likely to have a miscarriage due to the added stress.
Avoid taking any medicine without doctor’s advice. Overdose of any medicine can have harmful effects on the fetus.
Avoid dieting during pregnancy. This will keep you and your baby away from essential nutrients like vitamins, iron and folic acid, minerals.
Do not consume outside food and drink, it can put you at risk of food poisoning.
Do not consume half cooked and raw meat.
Avoid bathing with very hot water. This can make you feel dehydrated and as a result the baby is more likely to suffer.